Research

Journal Publications

A Tale of Two Life Stages: The Imprinting Effect of Macroeconomic Contractions on Later Life Entrepreneurship (with Matthew Mount, Cahit Guven, Aydogan Ulker and Carol Graham), 2023, Journal of Business Venturing, (ABDC Journal Ranking: A*, FT 50), DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2023.106313. Supplementary Material.

Studies argue that macroeconomic contractions create immediate incentives for individuals to pursue entrepreneurship. However, research has not addressed whether past macroeconomic contractions imprint on individuals and influence their future entrepreneurship. Integrating literature on the business cycle and imprinting with insights from lifespan psychology, we develop and test competing theoretical arguments aligned to two distinct life stages about when a macroeconomic contraction will imprint on individuals to influence their future entrepreneurship, and how such effects are imprinted. Our findings show that only contractions experienced during early adulthood influence entrepreneurship and this effect is transmitted culturally via country-level preferences for time discounting.

Individual Labour Market Transitions of Australians during and after the National COVID-19 Lockdown (with Cahit Guven and Aydogan Ulker), 2022, Applied Economics, (ABDC Journal Ranking: A), DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2022.2094881. Supplementary Material.

We examine the individual labour market transitions of Australians during and after the National COVID-19 Lockdown, controlling for demographic characteristics and person fixed effects across different subgroups of the population using the Longitudinal Labour Force Survey. The National COVID-19 Lockdown (which began on 21 March 2020 with the introduction of social distancing rules and the closure of non-essential services across individual states and territories and lasted until the end of June 2020) decreased the overall labour force participation by 3% and increased unemployment by 1.8%. However, the economy recovered to a certain extent after the lockdown, with labour force participation increasing by 0.051% and unemployment declining by 0.049% for each additional week after the end of the lockdown. Our conditional estimates show that the national lockdown did not affect the genders differently in terms of unemployment, while females recovered faster during the post-lockdown period. People working in transport, postal, administrative, and arts and recreation services decreased their working hours significantly during the lockdown relative to those employed in other industries, but we do not observe any significant difference in their post-lockdown recovery patterns. Our results could help policy makers better target the labour market outcomes of the most at-risk individuals.

Policy Reports

Employment and disability in Australia: Improving employment outcomes for people with a disability (with Alex Buckland, Michael Dockery, Alan Duncan, Valentina Sanchez Arenas, Chris Twomey, and Lili Loan Vu), Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre,  Focus on the States, No. 10, March 2024. (Link to the report)

Trading Up: International trade futures and the Western Australian economy (with Alex Buckland, Alan Duncan, Mohammad Farhad, Abebe Hailemariam, Daniel Kiely, and Valentina Sanchez Arenas), Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre, Focus on Industry Report Series,  No. 8, July 2023. (Link to the report)

Working Papers

The Impact of Minimum Wages on Overall Health and Well-being: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll (with Cahit Guven, Aydogan Ulker, Matthew Mount and Carol Graham), Under Review

We examine the impact of minimum wage increases on the overall personal health and subjective well-being of low-skilled workers using the Gallup World Poll from 2009 to 2020. Identification is achieved through variations across 93 countries in the timing of their minimum wage increases. Our findings suggest that a 10 percent increase in the minimum wage leads to a 0.7 percent increase in personal health and a 2 percent increase in subjective well-being at the outcome means. Higher minimum wages are associated with more social interactions while providing fewer negative experiences and more positive experiences in life. Benefits of minimum wages are greater for male workers and in countries where free and universal healthcare is available. A battery of sensitivity and placebo tests confirms the robustness of these estimates.


Female Top Performers are more Impactful Peer Role Models than Males, Teachers Say (with Sofoklis Goulas and Rigissa Megalokonomou)

We examine teachers' perceptions toward top performing students and their role model influence on others in an online survey-based experiment. We randomly expose teachers to profiles of top performing students and inquire whether they consider the profiled top performers to be influential role models. These profiles varied by gender and field of study (STEM or Non-STEM). Our findings show that teachers perceive female top performers as more influential peer role models compared to male top performers (β = 0.289; p < 0.001). We also investigate the qualities teachers perceive top performers who are successful role models to have. We show that teachers associate a greater sense of learning autonomy and sense of being an example with female top performers compared to their male counterparts. Estimated effects are more pronounced among teachers with children and teachers in urban areas. Administrative data from a representative sample show limited observed differences between top performing males and females' educational outcomes that could justify the differences in teachers' gender perceptions. These findings carry significant implications for education, as teachers play a crucial role in directing attention to potential role models.

Work in Progress

Barriers to Citizenship and the Socio-Economic Integration of Australian Immigrants: Evidence from the 2007 Reform (with Cahit Guven and Aydogan Ulker)

Dowry, Expectations, and Intimate Partner Violence (with Munirul Nabin, Sukanto Bhattacharya, Vijay Mohan, and Prasad S. Bhattacharya)